As part of the general problem of internal migration, this paper examines the mobility of a rural population in Senegal using retrospective annual data from the Niakhar area and a representative sample of 500 ethnic Serer «kitchens» drawn from a survey protocol aimed at observing mobility at different time scales. As the residential ubiquity of Serer households has already been studied, this paper re-examines the current relevance of these mobility strategies in situations of vulnerability. In particular, it seeks to understand the relative importance of short or more longer term mobility during the year preceding the survey, characterize individuals in mobility situations throughout the year («residents» temporarily absent from the study area) and describe the current seasonal character of the observed mobility. Finally, it examines the determinants of the movements based on individual characteristics, family structure, as well as two synthetic indicators – an indicator of food vulnerability and an indicator of social network.
Abstract of the chapter of :
Elisabeth Hyo-Chung Chung & Charlotte Guénard: Mobilités en milieu rural sénégalais: capital social et multilocalisation des ménages [Mobility in Rural Senegal: An Exploration of the Relationship between Food Vulnerability and Social Network]
Duchêne-Lacroix, Cédric, and Pascal Mäder, eds. Hier und Dort: Ressourcen und Verwundbarkeiten in multilokalen Lebenswelten. 34 Itinera. Basel: Société Suisse d’histoire, 2013.
Schwabe Verlag: http://www.schwabe.ch/schwabe-verlag/buecher/buchdetails/itinera/hier-und-dort-ressourcen-und-verwundbarkeiten-in-multilokalen-lebenswelten-ici-et-la-ressources-et-vulnerabilites-dans-la-vie-multilocale-5211/?tt_products[begin_at]=16&cHash=0fab3a64d086b74f6c8ab5f911166021